A Global Perspective on Psychological Safety

A Global Perspective on Psychological Safety

GUEST POST from Stefan Lindegaard

Professor Amy C. Edmondson defines psychological safety as “a belief that one will not be punished or humiliated for speaking up with ideas, questions, concerns, or mistakes.” Achieving psychological safety is essential for fostering innovation and maintaining a competitive edge in today’s rapidly changing business landscape.

In this article, I will share my personal perspectives on psychological safety across different regions around the world, based on my extensive travel and interactions with leaders and organizations over many years. Please note that these observations are not exhaustive but serve as a reflection of my experiences in these regions.

Northern Europe – high psychological safety today

Northern European countries, including the Nordic region and countries like the Netherlands and Germany, are known for their high levels of psychological safety. Leaders in these countries often adopt a more participative and collaborative approach to decision-making, promoting open communication and employee empowerment. Flat organizational structures are more common, allowing for reduced power distance between employees and managers.

For example, in Sweden, the practice of “fika” – regular coffee breaks where employees gather and engage in informal conversations – encourages open dialogue and builds trust among team members. In the Netherlands, the “polder model” of consensus-based decision-making fosters a cooperative atmosphere where diverse opinions are valued and considered.

Southern Europe, Middle East, and parts of Asia – potential for growth through proper implementation

In Southern European countries like Italy, Spain, and Greece, as well as Middle Eastern and other countries such as Turkey and China, top-down and hierarchical leadership styles are more prevalent. Cultural norms and values that emphasize deference to authority can make it challenging to establish psychological safety in these contexts. However, there is significant potential for growth if organizations can adopt more inclusive leadership styles and promote open communication.

In some companies in these regions, forward-thinking leaders are beginning to recognize the value of psychological safety and are implementing practices such as regular feedback sessions, team-building activities, and mentorship programs to foster a more supportive and inclusive work environment.

Psychological Safety Graphic by Stefan Lindegaard

Southeast Asia – an emerging tipping point

Countries in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia, are witnessing a shift in leadership styles, driven by a younger generation and visionary veterans who are blending Eastern and Western approaches. While these countries may currently lag in innovation, their appetite for learning and desire to transform organizational cultures could lead to rapid advancements in psychological safety.

In Southeast Asia, several organizations are embracing the concept of a growth mindset, encouraging employees to take risks, learn from mistakes, and continuously improve. By adopting more inclusive leadership styles and creating spaces for open communication, these countries have the potential to foster psychological safety and drive innovation.

North America – a tale of two realities

In innovation hotspots in the United States and Canada, psychological safety is already well-established. The war for talent in these areas has led organizations to prioritize employee well-being and create inclusive environments. However, other parts of North America may not share the same level of psychological safety, and it’s essential to differentiate between these diverse contexts.

Innovation-driven companies in North America often prioritize transparency and openness, with leaders who actively seek employee input and promote a culture of collaboration. By empowering employees to take initiative, express their ideas, and challenge conventional thinking, these organizations create a psychologically safe environment that fuels creativity and innovation.

Latin America and Africa – unique challenges and opportunities

In Latin American and African countries, cultural norms, economic conditions, and political contexts can vary widely, leading to diverse approaches to psychological safety. While some organizations may struggle with hierarchical leadership styles and limited resources, others are embracing more inclusive practices and leveraging local talent.

Recognizing the unique challenges and opportunities in these regions is crucial for fostering psychological safety and driving innovation. For example, in countries like Brazil and South Africa, companies are increasingly focusing on employee development and well-being, investing in leadership training, and promoting open communication.


Psychological safety is a critical component of successful organizations across the globe. While the degree of psychological safety may vary from region to region, leaders in all contexts can benefit from fostering a supportive, inclusive, and open environment that encourages employees to speak up and share their ideas.

As a global community, we can learn from one another’s experiences and perspectives to advance the development and implementation of psychological safety in organizations worldwide. I encourage readers to share their own insights and experiences with psychological safety in different regions and explore how we can collectively promote a more psychologically safe and innovative world.

So, what are your thoughts on psychological safety from a global perspective?

Feel free to share your comments, perspectives, and questions.

Let’s learn together.

Image Credit: Pixabay

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This entry was posted in Leadership, Psychology on by .

About Stefan Lindegaard

Stefan Lindegaard is an author, speaker and strategic advisor. His work focuses on corporate transformation based on disruption, digitalization and innovation in large corporations, government organizations and smaller companies. Stefan believes that business today requires an open and global perspective, and his work takes him to Europe, North and South America, Africa and Asia. The author of several books including 7 Steps for Open Innovation; Social Media for Corporate Innovators and Entrepreneurs; Making Open Innovation Work, and The Open Innovation Revolution, you can follow him on LinkedIn.

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